Confronting Sexual and Gender-Based Violence: Paving the Path to Justice

July 10, 2023
Confronting Sexual and Gender-Based Violence: Paving the Path to Justice

Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) represents a grave violation of human rights, inflicting immense physical, psychological, and emotional harm upon its victims. This form of violence targets individuals based on their gender, perpetuating a cycle of inequality, discrimination, and fear. Women and girls bear the brunt of SGBV, experiencing violence both in times of peace and conflict, within their homes, communities, and even at the hands of the state. It is a global scourge that must be urgently addressed.

The Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA) has been instrumental in championing justice for survivors of SGBV. One significant victory was the landmark case Doe v. Constant, which defined the systematic use of rape as a form of torture. CJA's relentless efforts seek to deter acts of rape and violence by building a legal framework that holds perpetrators accountable for their heinous crimes.

The pervasive nature of SGBV and the social stigma surrounding it present significant challenges in combatting this violation. Many survivors face barriers in accessing justice due to fear, societal pressure, and inadequate legal mechanisms. However, the courageous stories shared by CJA's clients challenge the narrative surrounding SGBV and strive to break the cycle of impunity.

In the case of Doe v. Constant, CJA represented three Haitian women who endured violence inflicted by a former death squad leader. The judge's ruling, ordering the perpetrator to pay $19 million in damages, marked an important milestone in holding individuals accountable for sexual and gender-based violence. Such legal victories can serve as a catalyst for survivors to come forward, reclaim their voices, and demand justice for the atrocities they have endured.

To combat SGBV effectively, it is crucial to address the underlying societal attitudes and structures that perpetuate violence and discrimination. Education and awareness programs play a vital role in challenging harmful gender norms and promoting gender equality. Empowering survivors by providing comprehensive support services, including medical care, counseling, and legal assistance, is paramount. Additionally, legislative reforms are necessary to strengthen laws against SGBV, ensure adequate punishment for perpetrators, and protect the rights and dignity of survivors.

Collaborative efforts involving governments, civil society organizations, and international bodies are essential in creating a comprehensive response to SGBV. By supporting organizations like CJA, advocating for policy changes, and promoting a culture of respect and gender equality, individuals can contribute to the collective effort to eliminate SGBV and create a safer and more just world for all.


  1. Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA) - Official Website:
  2. United Nations Women - Ending Violence Against Women:
  3. Human Rights Watch - Sexual Violence:
  4. World Health Organization (WHO) - Violence Against Women:
  5. UNICEF - Gender-Based Violence: